Criminal Law in India is basically governed by three major acts. They are India Penal Code, 1860, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Indian Evidence Act, 1872. The criminal Law even have other specific acts which governs the specific areas of crime like NDPS Act, Prevention of Corruption Act, Dowry Prevention, etc. and other such many minor acts. Coming to major acts
- The India Penal Code, 1860 :- This act was originally passed in British Parliament. It was enacted by the Governor- General in exercise of the power conferred in section 9 and section 18 of the India Independency Act, 1947 and later on by Article 372 of the Constitution of India.
The India Penal Code is basically a list of documents containing list of offences and the punishment allotted regarding the concerned offences. It is binding on the citizens of India except the citizen working for the armed forces. They have different sets of law in under the act.
- The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:- This act lay down the rules for Criminal Court and the police officials etc. to conduct and due process of law. It is the main legislature on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It provides the machinery for the investigation of crime, apprehension of suspected criminals, collection of evidence, determination of guilt or innocence of the accused person and the determination of punishment of the guilty. Additionally, it also deals with public nuisance, prevention of offences and maintenance of wife, child and parents.
- The Evidence Act, 1872: – The word evidence is derived from the latin word evident which means to show clearly, to discover or to prove. Evidence is necessary t prove certain facts of the case. It is proof of facts mentioned. There are different types of evidence 1. Circumstantial 2. Direct 3. Documentary 4. Oral 5. Digital 6. Scientific 7. Real 8. Hearsay.
BAIL/ ANTICIPATORY MATTERS:-
The anticipatory bail /bail is filed under section 438/439 of the code of criminal code. The firm looks after on the bail matter in the District Court, High Court as well as in Supreme Court.
QUASHING OF FIR: –
Under section 482 the Code of Criminal Procedure provides jurisdiction of the court to quash the vague FIR logged against the person and provide relief to the person against such FIR was logged.
RELEASE OF VEHICAL FROM STATE (SUPERDARI):-
The police on performing their duty do cease vehicles for carrying illegal materials and due to pendency of the case the ceased vehicle gets damaged and the value of the vehicle get depreciated or the vehicle couldn’t be used further by the owner. The ceased vehicle needs to be released from the custody of the state. The same is done us.